The Interaction Between Depression and Personality Dysfunction: State of the Art, Current Challenges, and Future Directions. Introduction to the Special Section
This paper introduces the Special Section on Depression and Personality, first, by presenting an outline of relevant research on the interaction between depression and personality dysfunction and, then, by mapping the contributions of the authors on current challenges and future directions in the field. The intersection between affective disorders and personality dysfunction is relevant in at least 2 general ways. First, it signals a new direction in clinical research that calls for an emphasis on underlying functional domains and personality characteristics, rather than on phenotypic presentations of depression. Second, it challenges the effectiveness of usual treatment protocols for patients with complex depression. Both directions in research are naturally linked: new treatments should be based on interventions that map on deficits in functional domains as well as on personality characteristics that influence clinical presentation and responses to treatment. The Special Section will introduce the reader to scientific work carried out by the Millennium Institute for Research in Depression and Personality, which tackles some of these important issues.
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